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Nutrition's crucial function in Alzheimer's progression disclosed

A recent study in Frontiers in Nutrition explored how nutrition impacts cognitive decline using data from 266 participants across the cognitive impairment spectrum. It found strong links between nutrition, body composition, and dietary patterns, and the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Malnutrition significantly increased AD risk, suggesting early identification and dietary interventions could reduce the global AD burden.

As people live longer, age-related conditions like AD, cardiovascular diseases, and cancers are increasing. AD, characterized by memory loss and dementia, lacks effective treatments. Recent research highlights malnutrition's association with dementia, particularly in AD. However, the specific nutritional factors affecting AD remain unclear. Understanding these relationships could inform targeted interventions.

The study aimed to investigate commonly used nutritional indices' impact on AD risk and progression. It included participants with mild cognitive impairment or AD-related dementia, excluding other neurological conditions and non-diet-related malnutrition. Results revealed significant associations between body composition, dietary patterns, and blood-based nutritional markers with AD occurrence and progression. Addressing malnutrition is crucial in AD management, emphasizing tailored dietary strategies for at-risk individuals.