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Study reveals nutrition therapy's potential to manage gestational diabetes effectively

A recent study in Nutrients explores the use of medically directed nutritional patterns and supplements in managing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). GDM affects 1-30% of pregnant women and is diagnosed by abnormal oral glucose tolerance tests. It often results from impaired beta cell function, leading to elevated blood sugar levels during pregnancy. Both mother and fetus can face adverse consequences, including metabolic aberrations and long-term risks like diabetes and cardiovascular disease for the mother. Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is a preferred treatment for GDM, improving blood sugar levels and reducing adverse pregnancy outcomes. It involves regulating energy, carbohydrate, protein, fat, and vitamin/mineral intake. For instance, carbohydrate intake should contribute to 35-55% of total energy, and plant-based protein is preferable. Future studies are needed to develop personalized protocols for managing GDM effectively.